Volleyball Beginner Resources

Volleyball Drills for Beginners

Volleyball Beginner Resources

Some Volleyball Terminologies

Here are the most use terms in playing volleyball:

ASSIST – Passing or setting the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill. The typical assist is a set, but generally, any ball delivered by one player to a second player to allow that second player to make a kill is an assist.

ATTACK – A broad term that can mean many different things. This term is used to describe the offensive plan or pattern with which a team attempts to score a point.

BLOCK – The first line of defense where one or more players successfully terminate a rally or play in their favor by stopping the ball from traveling over the net.

BUMP – The use of the forearm to pass or set the ball in an underhand manner.

CENTER LINE – The boundary that runs under the net and divides the court into two equal playing areas.

DIG – The act of successfully receiving a ball. Almost always, the dig refers to the act of recovering an attacked ball close to the court floor.
DOUBLE BLOCK – Two players working in unison to intercept a ball at the net.
FOUL – A violation of the rules that was called by a referee. If the referees don’t call it, you get away with it. No different from any other sport.
FREE BALL – A ball that is delivered over the net to the opposing team in a non-threatening manner because the ball was hit more like a pass rather than a spike.
HIT – To offensive strike to the ball in an effort to terminate the rally for a side out or point. The hit can be either an overhand or underhand shot so long as the hit is made to terminate the rally.

JUMP SERVE – One of the most feared serves in all of volleyball when executed consistently, the jump serve involves the server tossing the ball up and making contact with the ball as it falls by jumping up in the air.
LIBERO – a player, who can be substituted into a game freely in the back row for defensive purposes, i.e., digging, and passing. Required to wear a striking and different color jersey, the libero is prohibited from serving or attacking the ball.
PASS – The act of receiving and delivering the ball to the setter. Technically, a pass is made by joining the arms from the elbows to the wrists and making contact with the ball on the forearms in an underhand motion to direct the ball to the setter. The pass is considered the most important fundamental element of volleyball.

ROTATION – The collective clockwise movement of players on a team around their side of the court following a side out. Each rotation determines the identity of the server.

SERVE – The act by one player to put the ball into play. The serving player is usually identified by the current rotation. When serving, the player must be located in a designated area behind the back line.

SETTER (S) – The position on a team who is considered the leader and “quarterback”, who is normally responsible for delivering the ball to one of the other players for an attack attempt. In the past, setters were usually shorter and were not expected to contribute to blocking and the team’s offensive production.

Substitution – Allows one player to replace another player already on the court. Each team is allowed 15 substitutions per game. Each player is allowed an unlimited number of entries.

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